Voles, alongside with mice, moles, groundhogs and other rodents, are small mammals that active both in the above and underground world.
These tiny animals are included on the pest list since they cause trouble on your property. However, voles are often mistaken with mice, and it’s important to distinguish these two.
Voles have stocky body, rounded and shaped like a potato. They have brown-black color and small feel with short claws.
Do voles carry diseases?
They carry a lot of diseases like rabies, hantavirus and Korean fever, so it’s better to keep them at a distance from your yard. Be aware that even their feces and urine can carry viruses, so be sure you’re wearing closed shoes and gloves when handling such rodent.
How to get rid of voles?
I have a good heart, don’t get me wrong, but when it comes to voles and mice I can’t say that I would want to get rid of them humanly. These disease-spreading rodents are not protected by law and releasing them into the wild won’t be such a good choice.
- Fall and winter is a good time to begin trapping, not only because food sources are dwindling, but also because you can help reduce populations before winter, which is when vole damage is at its worst.
- Use mouse-sized snap traps, and make sure you use enough traps. A small area may need about ten, but a large area may need fifty or more.
- Place traps in runways, near possible hiding places, around bushes and flowerbeds or other preferred plants, and near openings of burrows.
- Use apples or peanut butter and oats as bait.
- Make sure traps are perpendicular to the runways.
- Check traps twice a day, in the morning and evening.
- Keep resetting and re-baiting traps until you stop trapping voles.
- Consider covering traps with inverted pans or boxes to protect non-target animals, pets, and children from accidentally triggering traps.
- Handle dead voles with caution; wear rubber gloves and dispose of in plastic bags.
Toxic Baits For Voles:
- Rat bait and mouse bait will generally work for voles, but check the label to ensure it is labeled for use for voles.
- Baiting in the fall and winter is generally more successful, since food becomes scarce and voles will be more likely to go for baits as a source of food.
- Bait block products placed in tamper-resistant bait stations is a good choice. This way, it is likely that only voles and other rodents will consume the bait, keeping kids and pets and non-target animals safe.
- Place bait stations very close to runways, plants that voles favor, and burrow openings.
- Check them daily, replacing bait and keeping bait fresh for at least two weeks.
- If you choose to use bait in a place pack or loose bait, it must be placed underground in vole burrows as specified on the product label.
- Always read labels and warnings carefully, and follow all directions.
- Use caution when disposing of any dead voles on your property, using gloves to avoid contact.